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Unit 1 Education and Humanity : English NEB Class 11

Notes of English - Education and humanity CLASS 11 ENG . Padandas Notes

Education and Humanity: Summary , Excercise Question Answers and Grammar

Ways with words

A. Find the words from the text which mean the following.

a. a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission - envoy

b. the state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect - dignity

c. harm done to someone in response to harm - revenge

d. a person who holds extreme views in political or religious matters - extremist

e. sympathetic pity and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others - compassion

f. a person who is believed to speak for God - prophet

g. the study of the nature of knowledge, reality and existence - philosophy

h. the use of physical force so as to injure, abuse, damage or destroy - violence

i. an unreasonable dislike of a particular group of people or things - prejudice

B. Match the words on the left with their opposite meanings on the right.

honour – disgrace
innocent – guilty
brutality – kindness
forgiveness – punishment
illiteracy – literacy

C. Using dictionary

a. Study the dictionary entry above and answer these questions.

  1. What is the headword in the first entry?
    The headword in the first entry is Humanity.
  2. How many meanings of the word ‘humanity’ are given?
    Four meanings of the word ‘humanity’ are given.
  3. What do the abbreviations U, OPP, pl, and sth stand for?
    U, OPP, pl and sth stand for uncountable, opposite, plural and something respectively.
  4. What is the British English spelling of ‘humanize’?
    The British English spelling of ‘humanize’ is humanise.
  5. How is the word ‘humanize’ pronounced?
    The word ‘humanize’ is pronounced as /ˈhjuːmÉ™naɪz /.
  6. If we say Every person should have the sense of humanity, which meaning of ‘humanity’ is applied?
    If we say Every person should have the sense of humanity, the quality of being kind to people and animals by making sure that they do not suffer more than is necessary of ‘humanity’ is applied.

b. Arrange the following words in alphabetical order.

  1. advance analysis amuse assure allergy attain aid anxiety acute agreement
    acute, advance, agreement, aid, allergy, amuse, analysis, anxiety, assure, attain
  2. smoke small smart speaking smelling smoothly smuggler smashed smearing smallpox
    small, smallpox, smart, smashed,speaking, smearing, smelling, smoke, smoothly, smuggler,
  3. terminal terminate terminology termite terms terrace terrible terribly
    terminal, terminate, terminology, terms, terrace, terrible, territory, terror

Comprehension

Answer the following questions.

Why did the speaker receive thousands of good-wishes cards and gifts from all over the world?

Answer - The speaker, Malala Yousafzai, received thousands of good-wishes cards and gifts from all over the world as a result of her remarkable role in advocating for the betterment of children deprived of education and their fundamental rights. She bravely fought against the extremist Taliban, who oppressed women and denied children their right to education. In an attempt to encourage her and show support, people worldwide expressed their admiration and well-wishes for her, hoping for her speedy recovery from the gunshot injury she sustained when she was shot by the Taliban.

According to the speaker, what are hundreds of human rights activists and social workers struggling for ?

Answer -  According to the speaker, hundreds of human rights activists and social workers are struggling to achieve their goals of education, peace, and equality.

What has she learnt from Gandhi?

Answer - She learnt the value of nonviolence from Gandhi.

In what sense is peace necessary for education?

Answer - Peace is necessary for education in several ways. Firstly, a peaceful environment provides a sense of safety and security for children to pursue their education. In situations of violence, wars, or conflicts, children are often afraid to go to school, and their learning is disrupted. Secondly, a peaceful environment promotes a stress-free and friendly atmosphere that is conducive to effective learning. When students are free from fear and tension, they can focus better on their studies and engage in a more productive learning process. Therefore, peace is crucial for creating the necessary conditions for quality education.

According to the speaker, what are the main problems faced by both men and women?

Answer -  According to the speaker, both men and women face several common challenges. These include poverty, ignorance, injustice, racism, and the deprivation of basic rights. These problems affect individuals regardless of their gender, highlighting the need for collective efforts to address them.

What is Malala calling upon all governments?

Answer - Malala is calling upon all governments to provide free education to every child worldwide, to actively combat terrorism and violence, and to protect children from any form of cruelty and harm.

What is the main message of this speech?

The main message of this speech is that education holds the power to overcome challenges such as illiteracy, terrorism, violence, and the violation of fundamental rights. It emphasizes that education should be prioritized by all governments as a means to combat these issues. By providing education to every child, we can bring about positive change and transform the world.

Critical thinking

Click the question to view the answer or find the question below of this page. Important Questions - Education and humanity

Grammar

Classify the underlined words into different word classes.

a. The man who is wearing glasses is my uncle’s friend.
who – pronoun
wearing – verb
my – determiner

b. I bought a round table in the supermarket.
round – adjective
the – determiner

c. Alas, she is dead.
Alas – interjection

d. Hari works very hard all the time but his wife is very lazy.
hard – adverb
wife – noun
very – adverb

e. I have never been to Japan.
never – adverb

f. Ann drove a car safely.
Ann – Noun
Safely – Adverb

g. Nobody has claimed it.
nobody – pronoun
it – pronoun

h. She cut her hand with a knife.
her – determiner
with – preposition

i. They have postponed the program because of rain.
have – verb
because of – preposition
rain – noun

j. Everybody comes to the party.
everybody – pronoun

k. All such people ought to be avoided.
all – determiner
such – determiner

l. All of the food has gone.
all – pronoun

m. What was that noise?
what – pronoun

n. One must not boast of one’s own success.
one – pronoun

o. Nobody was there to rescue the child.
nobody – pronoun

p. Neither of the accusations is true.
neither – pronoun

q. Neither answer is correct.
neither – determiner

r. Here is the book that you lent me.
here – adverb
that – pronoun

s. Without health there is no happiness.
without – proposition
health – noun
happiness – noun

 

 

Notes of English - Education and humanity CLASS 11 ENG . Padandas Notes

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