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Unit 5 Life and Love : English NEB Class 11

Notes of English - Life and love CLASS 11 ENG . Padandas Notes

Life and Love Unit 5 NEB Notes

Ways with words

A. Match the words with their meanings.

a. exhausted – tired
b. apparent – clear
c. vista – vision
d. undulating – wavy
e. destined – predetermined
f. stuffy – suffocating, airless
g. restrain – prevent, hinder

B. Write the meaning and word class of the following words. Then use them in sentences of your own.

1. implore (verb): beg someone earnestly or desperately to do something.
I regretfully and respectfully implore you to help us.

2. despair (noun): the complete loss or absence of hop
A few positive words can turn despair into hope.

3. beseech (verb): ask (someone) urgently and fervently to do something
I will fall at his feet and beseech him.

4. eloquent (adjective): able to express a feeling
He made an eloquent plea for peace.

5. whirl (noun): a state of confusion
My head is starting to whirl.

6. egoism (noun): the fact of being excessively conceited in oneself
His egoism stopped him from loving anyone but himself.

7. agony (noun): extreme physical or mental suffering
She screamed again in agony as pain seared through her shoulder.

8. delirious (adjective): in a state of wild excitement or ecstasy
The patient may be somewhat confused and delirious.

9. delusive (adjective): giving a false or misleading impression
They were only coquetting a little with us, or bent on kindling delusive hopes.

10. compensate (verb): reduce the bad effect of loss
His enthusiasm compensates for his lack of skill.

11. mortgage (noun): convey a property to a creditor as security on a loan
She didn’t have enough money to pay the mortgage.

12. brood (noun): a large family of children
He grew up among a lively brood of brothers and sisters.

13. prelude (noun): an action or event serving as an introduction to something more important
A ceasefire had been agreed as a prelude to full peace negotiations.

D. Choose the correct word.

a. Sarita was shocking/shocked to hear about earthquake.

b. I think that rainy days in winter are depressing/depressed.

c. The football match was very exciting/excited. I enjoyed it.

d. The meals at Delight Café are satisfying/satisfied.

e. I’ve got nothing to do. I’m boring/bored.

f. Tanka is very good at telling funny stories. He can be very amusing/amused.

g. The teacher’s explanation was confusing/confused. Most of the students didn’t understand it.

h. He is such a boring/bored person. He never wants to go out.

i. I will be surprising/surprised if she does well in her test.

j. Are you interesting/interested in politics?

E. Write the correct form of the adjective in the blanks as in the example.

a. They frustrate me but they don’t bore me. I never get bored when I study grammar.

b. If teachers want to interest the students, they must use interesting materials.

c. Certain stories interest almost everybody. For example, most students are interested in fairy tales.

d. Certain things frighten me, but I never get frightened when I speak English.

e. If I get a good grade, that excites me. And if I get more than ninety percent, I am really excited.

Answer these questions.


a. Who was Nellie? What did she use to dream of?

Nellie was the daughter of a landowner and general, a young and pretty girl. She used to dream of getting married.

b. What was she doing with the looking glass?

She was staring into the looking glass with exhausted, half-closed eyes.

c. Why did she go to the doctor on one winter night?

She went to the doctor one night because her husband was ill.

d. What was Stepan Lukitch doing when she reached his bedroom?

Stepan Lukitch was lying on his bed when she reached his bedroom.

e. Why was the doctor not ready to go to see her husband?

The doctor was not ready to go to see her husband because the doctor was exhausted and ill himself seeing the typhus patients for last three days.

f. Why did Stepan Lukitch suggest Nellie to go to the Zemstvo doctor?

Stepan Lukitch suggested Nellie to go to the Zemstvo doctor because he was ill himself and Nellie needed immediate treatment.

g. Nellie said, “Come, perform that heroic deed! Have pity on us!" What was that pity to be done?

The pity to be done was to treat Nellie’s husband.

h. When Nellie said, "I must have fallen asleep." What does it mean?

It means that Nellie stopped was awaken and was ready for facing the realities of life.

i. What is the main theme of the story?

The main theme of the story is devotion, loneliness, escape, fear, love, dedication, hope, defeat and independence.

Critical thinking

a. “The looking glass (mirror)” is used as a symbol in the story. What does it symbolise?

b. Chekhov employs the magic trick in the story, using a very elegant transition from reality to imagination to reality sequence. Discuss its relevance to life of young people.



B. Match the expressions with their functions.

A: What do you want to take?
B: I’ll have tea, please.


A: Are you free this evening?
B: No, I’m going to meet my uncle.

Expressing a prior plan

c. The day will be lovely tomorrow.
Predicting a future action

d. There is no cloud in the sky.
It’s going to be a lovely day.

Predicting with evidence

e. Don’t worry. I won’t tell anyone.

f. I’ll take you to the movies if you like.

g. I’ll tell your parents what you did.

C. Choose the correct answer.

A: Are you busy this evening?
B: Yes, I am going to the movies. (will go/am going to)

A: Where are you going for holiday this summer?
B: Not sure yet. Maybe I will go to Ilam. (will go/am going to)

c. I think you will like this movie. (will /are going to)

d. I can’t join you at the party, I am going to be away for two weeks. (will /am going to)

e. This exercise looks really hard. I will help you. (will/am going to)

A: Hello. Can I speak to Sima, please?
B: Just a minute. I will get her. (will/am going to)

g. Perhaps she will pass the exam. (will/is going to)

h. ‘I haven’t got my phone.’ ‘That’s OK. I will lend you mine.’ (will/am going to)

D. Complete the sentences using will or be going to with the verbs.

Hari: Did you call Bina?
Prem: Oh, I forgot. I will call her now. (call)

Sunita: Have you got a ticket for the play?
Hema: Yes, I am going to watch it on Saturday. (watch)

c. ‘The alarm is ringing. It’s making an awful noise.’ ‘OK, I will switch it off.’ (switch)

d. Do you think they will like the the presents we got for them? (like)

e. ‘Lok is starting university tomorrow.’ ‘What is he going to study?’ (he/study)

f. If I meet him, I will tell him the news. (tell)

g. The phone is ringing. I will answer it. (answer)

h. If you don’t stop bullying her, I will tell the teacher. (tell)


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